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Monday, September 16, 2013

Sambucus nigra. Berries and flowers of elderberry

Sambucus nigra - is a shrub belonging to the family Caprifoliaceae.  Apples growing in warm latitudes in North Africa, on the Azov Sea, Asia, Europe, the Crimea, the Caucasus. It is shade tolerant, fast-growing plant that begins to bloom in three years after planting. Plant not high - usually to 4-6 meters grow only, extremely rarely arrives at 10 meters. But life-span of this plant reaches 60 to.

Elderberry begins to flower in May-July, and already garden-stuffs that stick to up to the end of September ripen to August. A plant propagates seed, grows in a foliage and sometimes in the coniferous forests, on forest stripes and forest-plantations. In the oak and pine forests with fat land an elder sometimes gives a continuous undergrowth in a few hectares by an area. Often an elder can be seen in courts and gardens, where it grows in two's and tree's.

Sambucus nigra: treatmen
An elderberry is considered since olden times a curative plant able to clear an organism and help it to get along at different illnesses. Modern medicine does not refute this opinion, confirming that there is a great number of bioactive substances in this plant. The magazine of JustLady more detailed will tell to you about curative properties of elder. Medicinal properties show practically all parts of plant : flowers, berries, leaves, bark, bast layer. Exception unless stems that from maintenance of cyanide is toxic.

Black elderberry blossoms treatment
Elderberry flowers pale yellow. Collection for medicinal aims it is engaged in in the period of their flowering, id est from middle of June to the middle of July. Due to that flowers are antiinflammatory characteristics, they are applied at the diseases of urinary bladder, and also at a gout, rheumatism. The flowers of elder black are widely used in gynaecology. Tea or infusion from flowers remarkably helps at the chronic diseases of overhead respiratory tracts, flu, quinsy, tracheitis and bronchitis. Infusion prepares so: dry or fresh flowers(1 ст.л) are inundated by boiling water(1 glass), infused 15-20 minutes. Then it needs to filter infusion and lead to the boiled water to 200 мл. Accepting infusion is needed in a warm kind 20 minutes prior to a meal 4-5 times.

The use of black elderberry: bark decoction
Bark of elderberry of grey color, it gathers in summer. Cora as decoction is used as diuretic and bile-expelling means. Also it is used for treatment of anemia, arthritis, gout, hemorrhoid, obesity. A bark is useful at a bronchitis, pneumonia and nervous breakdown, helps to take off head and dental pain. And the roots of elder as decoction are effective at a diabetes mellitus, well help to take off the edemata of brushes and feet.

The use of black elderberry: decoction of leaves
Leaves of plant of odd-pinnate form, rifle-green color. Fruit-growers assert that the smell of these leaves frightens off flies. Probably because it not very pleasant. The leaves cooked in to honey help to get rid from locks, and cooked in milk it is possible to put to intertriginousness and burns. The leaves of elder are valued for expectorant, clearing and diuretic properties. However the magazine of JustLady warns you, that the leaves of elder are toxic, therefore before the use of tincture consult by a doctor. Black elderberry for medicinal purposes should be collected at the end of September.  They are used for rheumatism and as a purgative. The infusion of the dried berry improves digestion, biliary excretion, and the juice of fresh berries prized for antimicrobial properties. Black elderberry is recommended for gastric ulcer, hepatitis, diabetes.  They have sedative properties, contain a lot of vitamin C.

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